Create an account


Thread Rating:
  • 0 Vote(s) - 0 Average
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
[-]
Welcome
You have to register before you can post on our site.

Username:


Password:





[-]
Discord Widget

[-]
Twitter: SickGaming

[-]
Latest Threads
[Oracle Blog] Java and the New Duke Pers...
Last Post: xSicKxBot
Today 04:54 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 4
[Tut] 3 Easy Habits That Can Make You Ri...
Last Post: xSicKxBot
Today 04:54 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 2
(Indie Deal) Vorax Development update #1
Last Post: xSicKxBot
Today 04:53 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 2
PC - Among Us VR
Last Post: xSicKxBot
Today 04:53 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 2
News - Best Team In NFL Plays GTA Online...
Last Post: xSicKxBot
Today 04:53 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 2
[Oracle Blog] Java is alive at Oracle Co...
Last Post: xSicKxBot
11-27-2022 07:22 PM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 23
[Tut] Python | Split String Empty Separa...
Last Post: xSicKxBot
11-27-2022 07:22 PM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 4
(Indie Deal) FREE Dead Hungry Diner, Boo...
Last Post: xSicKxBot
11-27-2022 07:22 PM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 6
News - PS5 Stand With Charging Station A...
Last Post: xSicKxBot
11-27-2022 07:22 PM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 8
PC - A Little To The Left
Last Post: xSicKxBot
11-27-2022 07:22 PM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 6

[Tut] How to Delete a Line from a File in Python?

#1
How to Delete a Line from a File in Python?

5/5 – (1 vote)

Problem Formulation and Solution Overview


πŸ’‘ This article will show you how to delete a line from a file in Python.

To make it more interesting, we have the following running scenario:

Rivers Clothing has a flat text file, rivers_emps.txt containing employee data. What happens if an employee leaves? They would like you to write code to resolve this issue.

Contents of rivers_emps.txt


100:Jane Smith
101:Daniel Williams
102:Steve Markham
103:Howie Manson
104:Wendy Wilson
105:Anne McEvans
106:Bev Doyle
107:Hal Holden
108:Mich Matthews
109:Paul Paulson


πŸ’¬ Question: How would we write code to remove this line?

We can accomplish this task by one of the following options:


Method 1: Use List Comprehension


This example uses List Comprehension to remove a specific line from a flat text file.

orig_lines = [line.strip() for line in open('rivers_emps.txt')]
new_lines = [l for l in orig_lines if not l.startswith('102')] with open('rivers_01.txt', 'w') as fp: print(*new_lines, sep='\n', file=fp)

The above code uses List Comprehension to read in the contents of a flat text file to a List, orig_lines. If output to the terminal, the following displays.


['100:Jane Smith', '101:Daniel Williams', '102:Steve Markham', '103:Howie Manson', '104:Wendy Wilson', '105:Anne McEvans',
'106:Bev Doyle', '107:Hal Holden', '108:Mich Matthews',
'109:Paul Paulson']

Then, List Comprehension is used again to append each element to a new List only if the element does not start with 102. If output to the terminal, the following displays.


['100:Jane Smith', '101:Daniel Williams', '103:Howie Manson', '104:Wendy Wilson', '105:Anne McEvans', '106:Bev Doyle', '107:Hal Holden', '108:Mich Matthews', '109:Paul Paulson']

As you can see, the element starting with 102 has been removed.

Next, a new file, rivers_01.txt, is opened in write (w) mode and the List created above is written to the file with a newline (\n) character appended to each line. The contents of the file are shown below.


100:Jane Smith
101:Daniel Williams
103:Howie Manson
104:Wendy Wilson
105:Anne McEvans
106:Bev Doyle
107:Hal Holden
108:Mich Matthews
109:Paul Paulson

YouTube Video


Method 2: Use List Comprehension and Slicing


This example uses List Comprehension and Slicing to remove a specific line from a flat text file.

orig_lines = [line.strip() for line in open('rivers_emps.txt')]
new_lines = orig_lines[0:2] + orig_lines[3:] with open('rivers_02.txt', 'w') as fp: fp.write('\n'.join(new_lines))

The above code uses List Comprehension to read in the contents of a flat text file to a List, orig_lines. If output to the terminal, the following displays.


['100:Jane Smith', '101:Daniel Williams', '102:Steve Markham', '103:Howie Manson', '104:Wendy Wilson', '105:Anne McEvans', '106:Bev Doyle', '107:Hal Holden', '108:Mich Matthews', '109:Paul Paulson']

Then Slicing is used to extract all elements, except element two (2). The results save to new_lines. If output to the terminal, the following displays.


100:Jane Smith
101:Daniel Williams
103:Howie Manson
104:Wendy Wilson
105:Anne McEvans
106:Bev Doyle
107:Hal Holden
108:Mich Matthews
109:Paul Paulson

As you can see, element two (2) has been removed.

Next, a new file, rivers_02.txt, is opened in write (w) mode and the List created above is written to the file with a newline (\n) character appended to each line. The contents of the file are shown below.


100:Jane Smith
101:Daniel Williams
103:Howie Manson
104:Wendy Wilson
105:Anne McEvans
106:Bev Doyle
107:Hal Holden
108:Mich Matthews
109:Paul Paulson

YouTube Video


Method 3: Use Slicing and np.savetxt()


This example uses List Comprehension, Slicing and NumPy’s np.savetxt() function to remove a specific line from a flat text file.

Before moving forward, please ensure that the NumPy library is installed to ensure this code runs error-free.

import numpy as np orig_lines = [line.strip() for line in open('rivers_emps.txt')]
new_lines = orig_lines[0:2] + orig_lines[3:] np.savetxt('rivers_03.txt', new_lines, delimiter='\n', fmt='%s')

The first line imports the NumPy library.

The following line uses List Comprehension to read the contents of a flat text file to the List, orig_lines. If output to the terminal, the following displays.


['100:Jane Smith', '101:Daniel Williams', '102:Steve Markham', '103:Howie Manson', '104:Wendy Wilson', '105:Anne McEvans', '106:Bev Doyle', '107:Hal Holden', '108:Mich Matthews', '109:Paul Paulson']

Then Slicing is applied to extract all elements, except element two (2). The results save to new_lines. If output to the terminal, the following displays.


100:Jane Smith
101:Daniel Williams
103:Howie Manson
104:Wendy Wilson
105:Anne McEvans
106:Bev Doyle
107:Hal Holden
108:Mich Matthews
109:Paul Paulson

As you can see, element two (2) has been removed.

The last code line calls np.savetxt() and passes it three (3) arguments:

  • The filename (‘rivers_03.txt‘).
  • An iterable, in this case, a List (new_lines).
  • A delimiter (appended to each line) – a newline character (\n).
  • The format. Strings are defined as %s.

The contents of rivers_03.txt displays below.


100:Jane Smith
101:Daniel Williams
103:Howie Manson
104:Wendy Wilson
105:Anne McEvans
106:Bev Doyle
107:Hal Holden
108:Mich Matthews
109:Paul Paulson

YouTube Video


Method 4: Use pop()


This example uses the pop() function to remove a specific line from a flat text file.

import numpy as np orig_lines = [line.strip() for line in open('rivers_emps.txt')]
orig_lines.pop(2)
np.savetxt('rivers_04.txt', orig_lines, delimiter='\n', fmt='%s')

The first line imports the NumPy library.

The following line uses List Comprehension to read in the contents of a flat text file to the List, orig_lines. If output to the terminal, the following displays.


['100:Jane Smith', '101:Daniel Williams', '102:Steve Markham', '103:Howie Manson', '104:Wendy Wilson', '105:Anne McEvans', '106:Bev Doyle', '107:Hal Holden', '108:Mich Matthews', '109:Paul Paulson']

Then, the pop() method is called and passed one (1) argument, the element’s index to remove.

In this case, it is the second element.

If this List was output to the terminal, the following would display.


100:Jane Smith
101:Daniel Williams
103:Howie Manson
104:Wendy Wilson
105:Anne McEvans
106:Bev Doyle
107:Hal Holden
108:Mich Matthews
109:Paul Paulson

As shown in Method 3, the results save to a flat text file. In this case, rivers_04.txt. The contents are the same as in the previous examples.

YouTube Video

πŸ’‘Note: The pop() function removes the appropriate index and returns the contents to capture if necessary.


Method 5: Use remove()


This example uses the remove() function to remove a specific line from a flat text file.

import numpy as np orig_lines = [line.strip() for line in open('rivers_emps.txt')]
orig_lines.remove('102:Steve Markham')
np.savetxt('rivers_05.txt', orig_lines, delimiter='\n', fmt='%s')

This code works exactly like the code in Method 4. However, instead of passing a location of the element to remove, this function requires the contents of the entire line you to remove.

Then, the remove() function is called and passed one (1) argument, the index to remove. In this case, it is the second element. If this List was output to the terminal, the following would display.


100:Jane Smith
101:Daniel Williams
103:Howie Manson
104:Wendy Wilson
105:Anne McEvans
106:Bev Doyle
107:Hal Holden
108:Mich Matthews
109:Paul Paulson

As shown in the previous examples, the results save to a flat text file. In this case, rivers_05.txt.

YouTube Video


Bonus: Remove row(s) from a DataFrame


CSV files are also known as flat-text files. This code shows you how to easily remove single or multiple rows from a CSV file

import pandas as pd
import numpy as np staff = { 'First' : ['Alice', 'Micah', 'James', 'Mark'], 'Last' : ['Smith', 'Jones', 'Watts', 'Hunter'], 'Rate' : [30, 40, 50, 37], 'Age' : [23, 29, 19, 45]} indexes=['FName', 'LName', 'Rate', 'Age']
df = pd.DataFrame(staff, index=indexes) df1 = df.drop(index=['Age'])
df.to_csv('staff.csv', index=False)

✨Finxter Challenge
Find 2 Additional Ways to Remove Lines


Summary


This article has provided five (5) ways to delete a line from a file to select the best fit for your coding requirements.

Good Luck & Happy Coding!


Programmer Humor – Blockchain


“Blockchains are like grappling hooks, in that it’s extremely cool when you encounter a problem for which they’re the right solution, but it happens way too rarely in real life.” source xkcd



https://www.sickgaming.net/blog/2022/09/...in-python/
Reply





Users browsing this thread:
1 Guest(s)

πš‚Μ·πš’Μ·πšŒΜ·πš”Μ·π™ΆΜ·πšŠΜ·πš–Μ·πš’Μ·πš—Μ·πšΜ· π™·Μ·πš˜Μ·πš–Μ·πšŽΜ·

Copyright Β© SickGaming.net 2022